[Download] ➼ A Raisin in the Sun By Lorraine Hansberry – Dolove.info
A Raisin in the Sun 1959 is hands down one of my favorite plays Usually, only Oscar my smol son can lure me in with his dramas but Lorraine might have snatched that crown from his hands Where Oscar is witty and hilarious, Lorraine is ruthless and raw She doesn t shy away from showing the harsh reality black people, especially black women, faced in the United States.What happens to a dream deferred Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Or fester like a sore And then run Does it stink like rotten meat Or crust and sugar over like a syrupy sweet Maybe it just sags like a heavy load Or does it explodeHarlem by Langston Hughes Hughes was specifically addressing the situation of blacks in America, who had been systematically denied access to the various American dreams of education, career, purchasing power, etc Asking if deferred dreams explode is a subtle or not so subtle way of reminding readers that deferred dreams don t always decay and disappear they can very well trigger explosions.The epigraph is a way for Hansberry to point to both the universal nature of her play everyone has dreams and its particular nature black Americans have been forced to defer their dreamsthan others.The play speaks to issues that are now inescapable value systems of the black family concepts of African American beauty and identity class and generational conflicts the relationships of husbands and wives, black men and women the outspoken if then yet unnamed feminism of the daughter and, in the penultimate scene between Beneatha and Asagai, the larger statement of the play which functions as a mirror to the central battle of its time integration vs pan africanism The story tells of a black family s experiences in the Washington Park Subdivision of Chicago s Woodlawn neighborhood as they attempt to better themselves with an insurance payout of 10,000 following the death of the father Walter and Ruth Younger, their son Travis, along with Walter s mother Lena Mama and Walter s sister Beneatha, live in poverty in a dilapidated two bedroom apartment on Chicago s south side Walter is barely making a living as a limousine driver Though Ruth is content with their lot, Walter is not and desperately wishes to become wealthy His plan is to invest in a liquor store in partnership with Willy and Bobo, street smart acquaintances of Walter s.While all this is going on, Beneatha s character and direction in life are being defined for us by two different men Beneatha s wealthy and educated boyfriend George Murchison, and Joseph Asagai George represents the fully assimilated black man who denies his African heritage with a smarter than thou attitude, which Beneatha finds disgusting, while dismissively mocking Walter s lack of money and education Asagai patiently teaches Beneatha about her African heritage he gives her thoughtfully useful gifts from Africa, while pointing out she is unwittingly assimilating herself into white ways She straightens her hair, for example, which he characterizes as mutilation A Raisin in the Sun was the first play written by a black woman to be produced on Broadway, as well as the first with a black director Lloyd Richards With a cast in which all but one minor character is African American, A Raisin in the Sun was considered a risky investment, and it took over a year for producer Philip Rose to raise enough money to launch it There was disagreement with how it should be played, with focus on the mother or focus on the son When the play hit New York, Poitier played it with the focus on the son and found not only his calling but an audience enthralled.However, the reception of the play showed in a shocking way the disconnect between white and black culture in the US While the play was celebrated by white and black audiences alike, the reasons were completely different ones Thus, in many reviews from white people and later academic studies , the Younger family was transformed into an acceptably middle class family The decision to move became a desire to integrate rather than, as Mama says simply, to find the nicest house for the least amount of money for my family Them houses they put up for colored in them areas way out always seem to cost twice as much The Younger family is part of the black majority, and the concerns dismissed as middle class buying a home and moving into white folks neighborhoods are actually reflective of the essence of black people s striving and the will to defeat segregation, discrimination, and national oppression There is no such thing as white folks neighborhood except to racists and to those submitting to racism Mama herself about whose acceptance of her place in the society there is not a word in the play, and who, in quest of her family s survival over the soul and body crushing conditions of the ghetto, is prepared to defy housing pattern taboos, threats, bombs, and God knows what else became the safely conservative matriarch, upholder of the social order and proof that if one only perseveres with faith, everything will come out right in the end and the system ain t so bad after all At the same time, necessarily, Big Walter Younger the husband who reared this family with her and whose unseen presence and influence can be heard in every scene vanished from analysis And perhaps most ironical of all to the playwright, who had herself as a child been almost killed in such a real life story, the climax of the play became, pure and simple, a happy ending despite the fact that it leaves the Youngers on the brink of what will surely be, in their new home, at best a nightmare of uncertainty If he thinks that s a happy ending, said Hansberry in an interview, I invite him to come live in one of the communities where the Youngers are going In her early childhood, Lorraine s parents bought a house in the white neighborhood of Washington Park, an action that resulted in a legal case Hansberry v Lee 1940 Lorraine reflects upon the litigation in her book To Be Young, Gifted, and Black Twenty five years ago, my father spent a small personal fortune, his considerable talents, and many years of his life fighting, in association with NAACP attorneys, Chicago s restrictive covenants in one of this nation s ugliest ghettos That fight also required our family to occupy disputed property in a hellishly hostile white neighborhood in which literally howling mobs surrounded our house My memories of this correct way of fighting white supremacy in America include being spat at, cursed and pummeled in the daily trek to and from school And I also remember my desperate and courageous mother, patrolling our household all night with a loaded German Luger pistol , doggedly guarding her four children, while my father fought the respectable part of the battle in the Washington court The play develops the theme of standing up to racial discrimination by fighting it on many fronts By cowing down to threats by whites or by accepting financial considerations to accept the demands made by the whites only make life harder for the colored people In the play, the Younger family aspires to better living conditions and better education They are conscientious law abiding citizens but the neighbors cannot see beyond their color.In addition to its brilliant exploration of timely themes such as the emasculation of the black man and the consequences of instutionalized racism, the play could score in other areas as well, especially with its humour Hansberry had a knack for including scenes that were absolutely true to life while still exploring the comedy of the situation Ruth What kind of eggs do you want Walter Not scrambled RUTH starts to scramble eggs I have never encountered aloving and real family in fiction Lorraine balanced the heart wrenching and light hearted scenes with excellence A Raisin in the Sun made me laugh and cry and above all, think You need this in your life What an outstanding play Recently I saw an excellent production of A Raisin in the Sun, and it was so good I decided to reread the play I first read this in college during a course on African American Theater, and as part of the class we watched the 1961 film, starring Sidney Poitier in the role he debuted on Broadway in 1959 The film is great, but this was my first time seeing the play performed live, and it was incredibly moving The story follows the Youngers, a black family in Chicago s Southside in the 1950s All the scenes are set in their cramped apartment, and we quickly learn that tensions are high for the family The matriarch, Mama Lena, recently lost her husband and is expecting a 10,000 insurance check Her son, Walter, is drunk with hope that he can use that money to invest in a liquor store Meanwhile, Mama s daughter, Beneatha, is in college and wants to be a doctor, but she s also juggling two very different suitors, George and Asagai Walter s wife, Ruth, learns she s pregnant and is worried for the future The couple s young son, Travis, is forced to sleep on the living room couch every night, and Ruth is worried things will never get better.What is impressive about this play is how many social issues come up in the family conversations, but it never feels forced It s just life as it is, and the play became a landmark not just because it was the first time a black woman wrote a play that was performed on Broadway, but because of how relatable these family problems were Parents not understanding their children Children experimenting with different cultures Adults wanting their life to meanthan just an hourly wage Everyone wishing for a nicer home What family can t relate to this If you ever have a chance to see a production of A Raisin in the Sun, I highly recommend it Five stars for Lorraine Hansberry.NoteThe title of the play is taken from a poem by Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun Or fester like a sore And then run Does it stink like rotten meatOr crust and sugar over Like a syrupy sweet Maybe it just sagsLike a heavy load Or does it explode Favorite QuotesMAMA Something has changed In my time we was worried about not being lynched and getting to the North if we could and how to stay alive and still have a pinch of dignity, too Now here come you and Beneatha talking bout things we ain t never even thought about hardly, me and your daddy You ain t satisfied or proud of nothing we done I mean that you had a home that we kept you out of trouble till you was grown that you don t have to ride to work on the back of nobody s streetcar You my children but how different we done become.ASAGAI Then isn t there something wrong in a house in a world where all dreams, good or bad, must depend on the death of a man MAMA Child, when do you think is the time to love somebody the most When they done good and made things easy for everybody Well then, you ain t through learning because that ain t the time at all It s when he s at his lowest and can t believe in hisself cause the world done whipped him so When you starts measuring somebody, measure him right, child, measure him right Make sure you done taken into account what hills and valleys he come through before he got to wherever he is. Never Before, In The Entire History Of The American Theater, Has So Much Of The Truth Of Black People S Lives Been Seen On The Stage, Observed James Baldwin Shortly Before A Raisin In The Sun Opened On Broadway In Indeed Lorraine Hansberry S Award Winning Drama About The Hopes And Aspirations Of A Struggling, Working Class Family Living On The South Side Of Chicago Connected Profoundly With The Psyche Of Black America And Changed American Theater Forever The Play S Title Comes From A Line In Langston Hughes S Poem Harlem, Which Warns That A Dream Deferred Might Dry Up Like A Raisin In The Sun The Events Of Every Passing Year Add Resonance To A Raisin In The Sun, Said The New York Times It Is As If History Is Conspiring To Make The Play A Classic This Modern Library Edition Presents The Fully Restored, Uncut Version Of Hansberry S Landmark Work With An Introduction By Robert Nemiroff First published in 1959, this play tells the story of a poor African American family ruled by mama who has big plans to make a better life for her family, but must wait for the check and overcome a few obstacles along the waylike her bitter and self absorbed son Walter Set in a small rundown roach infested apartment on Chicago s south side, A RAISIN IN THE SUN brings to light issues of racism and segregation, but also family pride and forgiveness.Another surprisingly good play What happens to a dream deferred Does it dry uplike a raisin in the sun Or fester like a sore And then run Does it stink like rotten meat Or crust and sugar over like a syrupy sweet Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode I decided to assign this to my Honors American Lit class before I had even read it myself I m so glad I did I really enjoyed the characters And while students get a kick out of lines like Why you always wear them faggoty white shoes it also deals with some important ideas about material versus spiritual or transcendental goals, about self identity, and what it is to be a man I was pleased and moved. What happens to a dream deferred Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun from Langston Hughes poem Harlem A family of African Americans, living in a flat on the south side of Chicago, must decide what to do with a 10,000 life insurance check being paid out after the death of the father Mama wants to realize her dream of having a real home with a garden daughter Beneatha wants to go to medical school and become a doctor son Walter wants to invest with friends and open a liquor store Can any of these dreams come true It s amazing how much about American life and family relationships playwright Hansberry was able to fit into the length of one 3 hour play Written in 1959, Hansberry was able to see issues that were coming to the forefront of our society not only civil rights and desegregation efforts but also feminism Many of the topics she addresses are still important today We have not put racism behind us yet, as recent events show all too clearly The May, 2019 book club selection for my library s Readers Roundtable group A classic play a must read. I don t often read plays and find them difficult to read, the live experience is obviously much better However this is a remarkable play and is well worth the effort Hansberry was a talented writer who died far too young Nina Simone wrote the song To be Young, Gifted and Black about her This play debuted on Broadway in 1959 with Sidney Poitier playing Walter a role he reprised in the film The play is about the Younger family mother Lena, brother and sister, Walter and Beneatha, Walter s wife Ruth and their son Travis Lena s husband has recently died and some insurance money is due The play revolves around what should be done with the money, about hopes and aspirations and differing views about the future It is about the desire progress, to get on in this case to get out of that particular part of Chicago The insurance pay out is ten thousand dollars and so it is also about whose dreams should be funded Although it was written in the 1950s it is still relevant and has meaning It is about dreams and whether they will in the words of Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Hansberry once said that, In order to create the universal, you must pay very great attention to the specific and that is why this resonates over the years in relation to those in poverty, suffering from injustice and specifically about the black experience There is a balance in the play between hopes for the future and what might be possible and a sense that nothing will change and it is hopeless to try James Baldwin commented Never before, in the entire history of American theater, had so much of the truth of black people s lives been seen on stage The play highlights issues about segregation, dignity and respect It s powerful to read and there is an excellent film rendering as well. An end to misery To stupidity Don t you see there isn t any real progress, Asagai, there is only one large circle that we march in, around and around, each of us with our little picture in front of us our own little mirage of what we think is the future This is the best book I ve read this year, one of the best I ve ever read It did everything I think a great story should and did it exceptionally well, that is deposit the reader at the endilluminated, stirred with a better understanding.The play is centered around the Younger family, a Black family living in Chicago post World War II With the main characters representing three generations Lena Mama, the matriarch of the family representing the older generation, Lena s son Walter, his wife Ruth and sister Beneatha representing the new generation and Travis, the grandchild representing the future generation The title of the play itself is from Langston Hughes poem Harlem What happens to a dream deferred Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Or fester like a sore And then run Does it stink like rotten meat Or crust and sugar over like a syrupy sweet Maybe it just sags like a heavy load Or does it explode Told in brilliant storytelling, the dreams of all these characters are presented, weighed, scoffed at, some humbler than others but all generations keeping and trying to maintain a dream that the system they re living under not only refuses to recognize, but actively works to ruin I ll be thinking about this story for a while, going through the incredible characterization, all the wonderful scenes and there are several that I will pick up and look at still marveling, and that superb ending. Ten stars, please All the stars for Ms Hansberry s haunting, revealing play As fresh in 2018 as it was in 1958. May just possibly be my all time favorite American play The circuit is so taut, the story is so heartbreaking, life altering and thought provoking I cannot wait to ever catch it live.At 29, Hansberry orchestrated something even Arthur Miller Tennessee Williams wanted a TRUE portrait of the American Family, how the roles are intertwined and dependent upon the others The maestros don t come as close as she, I am inclined to think Well amodern work, Angels in America makes it a tie.