[Read] ➱ The Smart Swarm By Peter Miller – Dolove.info

The Smart Swarm This is one of those rare, great books that manage to talk about many different fields of science and weave them together It uses the habits and organizations of social animals bees, ants, starlings, etc and relates it to how people interact with one another It touches on everything from fluid dynamics how locust swarms and human stampedes happen to supply chains, to computer intelligence The book is structured in chapters that discuss different types of animals, and it s got plenty of anecdotes to keep the pace up Most of the books referenced were ones I ve read before, so it s not first hand reporting of original research, but there were enough new stories and new information to interest me.If you re interested in science, and especially if you re interested in animal behavior, this is a good book to pick up My main complaint about it is that the authors pre suppose their readers to have asolid basis in higher math than I do I think some of the nuances on 3 d rendering software were lost on me. Maybe the book can tell the reader something I could not reach that nugget because of the writing style The style is a very polished version of what a kindergarten child would say. An interesting, but not on the whole revolutionary look at how human systems and organizations can learn from the animal kingdom I felt like I ve read this book before in shorter articles and papers I skimmed the middle chapters and was unsurprised by the findings On the whole, a perfectly acceptable path of introduction to complex system theory but only if complemented with other works to flesh it out a little . A Natureza Ensina, de Peter Miller, um trabalho interessante que se baseia na utiliza o de resultados de pesquisas cient ficas e depois utiliza situa es e fatos reais fazendo compara es entre teorias e experi ncias cient ficas com a realidade Tamb m oferece uma discuss o muito rica A tradu o excelente e tornou a leitura muito boa.O que eu gostaria de lembrar desse livro s o que as formigas, se analisadas isoladamente, s o animais burros, com pouco poder de memoriza o No entanto, quando est o no coletivo, esse coletivo se torna extremamente inteligente As col nias de formigas se auto organizam e n o dependem de um plano mestre Elas possuem um sistema de aloca o de tarefas pr prio onde cada indiv duo desempenha uma fun o A Rainha, n o um centro de comando Ela tamb m tem sua simples fun o de colocar ovos.Todos os dias a decis o de col nia sobre essas atividades tomada dependendo das circunst ncias Onde nem sempre se sai para buscar comida.As col nias de formigas tem sua perfomance melhorada quando o volume de indiv duos grande A medida que as formigas colhedeiras retornam ao ninho com alimentos, outras se predisp e em sair para buscar alimento tamb m A velocidade desse retorno ao ninho, o que determina o c lculo de colhedeira necess ria para sair e buscar mais alimentos Principalmente porque elas t m a mem ria muito curta e a troca de informa es a casa encontro entre esses indiv duos tem que estar nesse tempo para que o coletivo aja em conjunto.Elas tamb m resolvem o problema do caixeiro viajante O algoritmo deles tamb m baseado em volume de indiv duos Pois quando elas andam, deixam seu ferom nios pelo caminho Ent o quando mais indiv duos procurando, aumenta a possibilidade de se encontrar e resolver o melhor caminho As melhores rotas passam a ter o cheiro de ferom nio mais acentuado, o que serve de indicador para a pr xima formiga tomar uma decis o, caso alguma bifurca o resulte em d vidas.As abelhas tomam decis es em grupo O resultado dessas decis es o que determina se elas v o viver ou morrer na pr xima primavera A abelha escoteira tem papel n o trivial em encontrar novos lares No entanto as abelhas tamb m, assim como as formigas, usam a diversidade para explorar a vizinhan a Quanto mais escolhas melhor O estudo do teste das cinco caixas mostrou que as abelhas n o retornavam as cinco caixas pra determinar qual era melhor Para determinar a melhor caixa a escoteira chama aten o das outras atrav s de uma dan a A varia o da veem ncia dessa dan a um indicador de interesse das demais escoteiras Se interessadas, elas voltariam a caixa sinalizado para confirmar sua qualidade Se convencidas, elas passariam a dan ar na mesma intensidade A decis o do enxame se dar pelo grupo de maior n mero de dan arinas.No ar, quando vemos os p ssaros voando em formato de tri ngulo, autom tico pensar que o que est na ponta, puxando o greg rio, o l der De fato mas momentaneamente Os p ssaros alternam a lideran a a medida que a posi o principal se torna um fardo cansativo Os peixes tem liberdade de viver sozinhos, mas pertencer a um grupo confere benef cios de alimenta o e maior sobreviv ncia contra ataques de predadores melhor se perder na multid o, do que estar sozinho.No caso dos gafanhotos, fiquei impressionado em descobrir que eles s o estimulados pela para traseira, e que ela desencadeia uma rea o qu mica, num processo parecido com tomar um ecstasy num processo de euforia, misturado com a sensa o de medo de morrer e vontade de decorar o pr ximo, que seu coletivo avan a devorando tudo que v a frente Sozinhos eles s o calmos e insignificantes, mas no coletivo eles s o um terror de propor es b blicas.Bom, algumas partes do livro eu achei cansativas Ele poderia reduzir um pouco as analogias Entre 50 e 70% do livro achei as ideias um pouco repetitivas e n o precisava de tantas analogias na minha vis o.Pra mim, que sempre alternei ser adorador da posi o de LoboSolit rio e l der da matilha, tive exemplos concretos introdut rios neste livro sobre o pode da coletividade Coisa que sempre tendi a ignorar, agora passa a ter valor. Interesting book examining how collectively organized insects and animals use their group as a problem solving tool It appears that there is an inherent, almost mathematically predictable, advantage group living insects and animals have unrelated to, indeed divorced from, individual thought process This is in large part involved with shared information albeit not by any human like method, rather by such activity as laying pheromone trails, or dance, etc Certain groups most notably bees, then reach determination as to what action to take such as where to place a new hive based upon certain members evaluation of the evidence and a debate like presentation thebees joining in a dance and the vigorousness of that groups dance The author then explores the way in which certain human groupings do the same, perhaps the best example being the Vermont town hall meetings The author then goes on to show the superiority of group decision making, at least in processes involving such ordering as Rodgers Rules of Order among others He distinguishes, however, situations of group shared information and opinions from mob like events such as tramplings that occur sometimes in large crowd movement, when such process is not occurring.Although not addressed, the book s implication would seem to indicate that social media could play a serious role in national decision making if facts opinions are shared between the collective rather than just within groups with preset notions and opinions As a postscript I had this vague feeling that perhaps if a collective process is demonstrably superior, and we are all becomingandelectronically connected, the Borg may yet surface as the superior race of humanoids. Having recently watched a huge flock of geese wonderously whirling, circling and landing in a field near Milford on Sea, my finding this book was very timely Hyberbole rules in the title however Understanding , yes it does a great job of explaining the science behind self organisation in ants, bees, termites and starlings The mechanisms are not easy to grasp but are clearly described local knowledge , decentralised control , distributed problem solving , multiple interactions and emergeance Social bees send out many scouts to find nesting sites each then perform a weird dance to try to sell their choice to the others who are all related, being half sisters, which no doubt helps the cooperation along This friendly competition of ideas makes for good choices If a termite sees a little pile of earth, it ll drop another little bit on the heap Thus the termite mound, whose networked tunnels generate winds which act as a lung for the whole hot, underground community Starlings in a swirling flock steer by following the nearest 6 or 7 the number in constant of their immediate neighbours they use local information to great collective effect Now all this is amazing But to me somewhat less successful is to see how this can in practice make us better at communicating, decision making and getting things done Practical applications in human life seem oddly few At Boeing s plane testing centre, they work hard to iron out the little delays which used to create a ripple effect which in turn amplified these little delays into disastrously mega ones Best Buy s prediction market , which taps into the wisdom of crowds , helps the company to, well, predict And there s Wikipedia of course they always quote that And there s a bit about contagion and what causes standing ovations But, frankly, is that it Why are these human applications apparently so relatively few and far between Is it simply just that we re not ants or starlings, so it doesn t apply to us These creatures are dumb individually it s their communities that are intelligent how did that evolve, by the way We humans are precisely the opposite individually intelligent, but collectively dumb We can each see what are the wise and sensible things that need to be done ask almost any child how the world could be saved and improved but getting us to actually collectively do them is too often well nigh impossible Maybe the ants will inherit after all Or maybe, fascinating though this new science is, to discover the secrets of how to improve human society cooperatively and collectively we need to look elsewhere Having said that, from now on I ll look at those smartly swarming geese and starlings with a new found respect For that I m grateful to this book In this case, analysing the rainbow definitely hasn t killed the awe and wonder. This is a fun, entertaining book about how animals and people act in crowds Peter Miller shows clearly how ants, bees, termites, locusts, birds and fish usually act much smarter in a crowd than any individual They do this instinctively, without the need to be taught how to behave In some situations, people also are smarter in a group than any individual But not always there are times when a group of people will be dumber than the dumbest individual Several anecdotal examples are given in the book This is definitely a feel good book, though occasionally it veers off topic To me, the most interesting topic was the use of models of ant behavior, in the development of mathematical algorithms For example, the well known traveling salesman algorithm is intractable for a large number of cities But models of ant behavior, depositing pheromones along a trail, helps to yield an approximate solution. What Ants, Bees, Fish, And Smart Swarms Can Teach Us About Communication, Organization, And Decision Making The Modern World May Be Obsessed With Speed And Productivity, But Twenty First Century Humans Actually Have Much To Learn From The Ancient Instincts Of Swarms A Fascinating New Take On The Concept Of Collective Intelligence And Its Colorful Manifestations In Some Of Our Most Complex Problems, The Smart Swarm Introduces A Compelling New Understanding Of The Real Experts On Solving Our Own Complex Problems Relating To Such Topics As Business, Politics, And Technology Based On Extensive Globe Trotting Research, This Lively Tour From National Geographic Reporter Peter Miller Introduces Thriving Throngs Of Ant Colonies, Which Have Inspired Computer Programs For Streamlining Factory Processes, Telephone Networks, And Truck Routes Termites, Used In Recent Studies For Climate Control Solutions Schools Of Fish, On Which The US Military Modeled A Team Of Robots And Many Other Examples Of The Wisdom To Be Gleaned About The Behavior Of Crowds Among Critters And Corporations Alike In The Tradition Of James Surowiecki S The Wisdom Of Crowds And The Innovative Works Of Malcolm Gladwell, The Smart Swarm Is An Entertaining Yet Enlightening Look At Small Scale Phenomena With Big Implications For Us All Whay can we learn from ants and bees Acting like a swarm or hive is the future of work and decision making Through examples of the animal world, the author reflects on how humans can work as a hive and achieve collaborative problem solving, based on a diversity of individuals and sources, and through a multitude of complex interactions Top down decisions don t work, get together and activate your company s hivemind to tap into that real time creativity Accessable and interesting read A similar book of the tipping pointAuthor analysed the behaviour of ants, bees, termites A neat presentation and clearly correlating the actual eventswas wonderful Started little boring and took off nicely Learn about ant independent responsibility Bees selection of nest, termites maintaining the nest and bird flock together handling predators and humans standing ovation Great Loved

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